History of Meditation
The ancient art of meditation is nearly as old as mankind. The history of meditation dates back to 5000 years ago in Vedic civilization. It is difficult to predict the exact time of evolution of meditation. Scholars and researchers believe that primitive hunters or gathering societies of ancient India may have been the one to discovered meditation. Over the thousands of years of evolution, meditation shapes up in systematic form of art that people practiced in daily life.

History of Meditation

As a part of yoga, the principles of meditation were received by the sages or saints from divine power in thousands of years back. Then Rishis practice meditation for salvation or to attain enlightenment. In those periods, rishis went to forest area or Himalayan region to seclude them from crowd and undergo for intense meditation. Facts of meditation and yoga can be found in the hymns of scared holy text of Hinduism –The Vedas.

Later archeological survey reveals the seals and figures in a meditation posture of yoga in the Indus valley civilization dates back to 3000 BC. It seems evident that practices of yoga and mediation have been used for 5000 years back. It is origins in the valley of Indian subcontinent and has influence in Hindu religion. Statue of several deities of Hindu religion can be found in Meditation posture and yoga mudras. Statue or images of Lord Shiva reflects the deep meditation posture of the deity.

In ancient period, Lord Buddha was the greatest advocate of meditation. Buddha spread the importance of meditation in many ways. In today’s world, Lord Buddha is regarded as the icon of meditation. He took the path of meditation in attaining enlightenment and which he attained successfully. Later the teaching of Buddha became popular mostly in Asian continent.

In mid of 20th Century, the art of meditation had been introduced to western world by many Indian advocates. In 1960 to 1970, during this period many western people learned of the multitude of benefits of meditation. They accept this practice for self realization, reducing stress, anxiety, anger, tension and to enhanced positive thinking.